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Corporate Biodiversity Footprints

Data and Case Studies Supporting Investor Action on Biodiversity

Report Overview

Biodiversity loss is now widely recognised by policymakers, businesses, investors, and other stakeholders as among the major challenges confronting the planet and its inhabitants. The 2023 edition of the World Economic Forum’s Global Risks Report identified it as “one of the fastest-deteriorating global risks over the next decade”, warning: “Over the next 10 years the interplay between biodiversity loss, pollution, natural resource consumption, climate change and socioeconomic drivers will make for a dangerous mix.” 

With the array of biodiversity-related metrics continuing to grow, numerous dedicated tools can be used to help investors identify which sectors and/or companies are most dependent on ecosystem services. In turn, they can also provide a range of data-driven insights into how a sector/company impacts biodiversity. In this report, FAIRR combined materiality data from ENCORE with Corporate Biodiversity Footprint data from Iceberg Data Lab and indicators from the Coller FAIRR Protein Producer Index to generate targeted, data-supported insights on ways to interpret these datasets to assess companies’ exposure to biodiversity, and their response to these risks and opportunities.  

FAIRR’s analysis of biodiversity footprints and risk management focuses on a sample of six companies included in the Coller FAIRR Protein Producer Index 2023/24 (the Index 2023/24), across segments within the meat and dairy sector. We aggregated key performance indicators (KPIs) from the nature related factors within the Index and analysed them through the lens of five pillars of biodiversity loss as identified by the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES): Land & sea-use change, direct exploitation of natural resources, climate change, pollution, and invasive alien species. 


Report Highlights

In depth case studies for six protein producers, dissecting:  

  • Which parts of their business models can raise their corporate biodiversity footprints based on ENCORE and Iceberg Data Lab  

  • The quality of their response to these challenges compared to best practice, based on the findings of the Coller FAIRR Protein Producer Index 2023/24 related to the five key drivers of biodiversity loss identified by the IPBES 

  • Ideas for engagement based on this data and analysis. 

As well as: 

  • Discussion of selected biodiversity frameworks and standards 

  • Discussion of selected biodiversity metrics, including a deep-dive on corporate biodiversity footprints 

  • Analysis of impacts and dependencies of beef and dairy, large-scale feed crops on biodiversity using UNEP’s ENCORE tool 

  • Analysis of corporate biodiversity footprint data using Iceberg Data Lab’s Mean Species Abundance data 




Established by the Jeremy Coller Foundation, the FAIRR Initiative is a collaborative investor network that raises awareness of the environmental, social and governance (ESG) risks and opportunities brought about by intensive livestock production. With offices based in London, FAIRR provides cutting-edge research, best practice tools and collaborative engagement opportunities to help investors integrate these risks and opportunities into their investment decision-making and active stewardship processes.

Want to know more about being a member of FAIRR? Follow the link below to understand the benefits and who can join.

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About Iceberg Data Lab

Iceberg Data Lab is an independent environmental data provider leveraging state-of-the-art technologies and science-based methodologies to support Financial Institutions in assessing their environmental impact. IDL's approach offers the ability to compare and aggregate environmental metrics and identify negative and positive impact across all sectors and asset classes including unlisted real assets. IDL's full range of solutions includes Biodiversity footprint, carbon footprint, Temperature, Green Share as well as Physical and Transition Risk.